Due to the well-developed sense of hearing, these animals are able to hear fruit drop from a tree up to several yards away. Note the moderate perivascular infiltrates by predominantly lymphocytes and plasma cells, as well as the central malacic area of gray matter with extensive glial cell and mixed mononuclear leucocyte infiltration. When threatened, a crested porcupine stamps its feet, growls, and grunts to scare off the predator. The average head and body length of the crested porcupine is 60-93 centimeters (24-37 inches), with a tail length of 8-17 centimeters (3-7 inches). The specific name, cristatus, comes from Latin and means provided with a comb, relating to its crest of quills. See the fact file below for more information on the porcupine or alternatively, you can download our 26-page Porcupine worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. As nocturnal animals, the Crested porcupines spend their daytime hours in dens, coming out to forage by night. The young leave home for the first time at about two weeks of age, as their quills — soft at birth — begin to harden. New World porcupines are found in forests in America. A porcupine’s body bristles with large, stiff, sharp-tipped hairs called spines or quills. Cape porcupines are one of the world’s largest porcupine species. The specific name, cristatus, comes from Latin and means provided with a comb, relating to its crest of quills. Old World porcupines are terrestrial and strictly nocturnal, and have longer quills. They develop elaborate burrows to house this family group. The crested porcupine’s common name refers to the quills along the head, nape, and back that can be raised into a crest, in addition to sturdier quills about 35 centimeters, or 14 inches, long along the sides and back half of the body generally used for defensive purposes. Length. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a rodent that most people recognize. The largest porcupine is the crested porcupine, found in North Africa, which grows up to 36 inches long. Fun Facts They are nocturnal and active during the night and are fairly social; sometimes traveling in two’s or three’s. In order to wear down their teeth, these rodents chew hard objects such as bones, collecting them in their burrows. They are common in sub-Saharan Africa, but can be found as far away as northern Africa and Italy. In fact, in parts of Asia they are so numerous as … These quills protect the porcupine against predators. 8. Their long incisors never stop growing, and they gnaw on branches and tree trunks to file their teeth. Justification. When threatened the porcupine will raise its quills and rattles the hollow spines on its tail. The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length of about 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). On their back, these rodents possess long and formidable quills, which are an important mean of self-defense. When the animal is threatened, the quills stand up in an elaborate crest, or mane, along its back. The lifespan of wild Indian crested porcupines is unknown, but the oldest known captive individual was a female that lived to be 27.1 years old. Gestation period lasts for 112 days, yielding 1 - 2 well-developed babies. The amazingly strong front feet allow the animal excavate substantial burrows. Farmers use dogs to hunt them or smoke them out of burrows. Almost the entire body is covered with bristles which are either dark brown or black and rather coarse. African crested porcupines (Hystrix cristata) are about the size of a cocker spaniel, and armed with an impressive set of long, barbed quills, up to 30 centimetres long. The African Crested Porcupine, also known as a crested porcupine, is one of the world’s largest rodents. 1-5 Interesting Facts About Porcupine 1. The tail is covered with shorter spines that appear white in color. They mate in November-December. During the … The young are born in a special chamber, located in their burrow system and lined with grass. PicFacts. The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length of about 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). 9. African Crested Porcupines can run faster than a human and are adept swimmers. These prickles are wide, thin walled and hollow-tipped. The crested porcupine is a terrestrial mammal; they very seldom climb trees, but can swim. The collective noun for a mother porcupine and her young is a ‘prickle’. Mostly herbivorous, this rodent forages long distances in search of food and lives and breeds in underground burrows in monogamy. It made its first and only appearance in the season 1 episode "Quillber's Birthday Present." Porcupine or hedgehog? From the stocky Cape porcupine in South Africa (and across central and southern Africa), to the North American porcupine known as the New World porcupine.. They are nocturnal and forage alone at night, traveling up to 9 miles in their search for food. Sexual maturity is reached before getting the adult weight, within 1 - 2 years old. Crested porcupine Crested porcupine in captivity Conservation status. Both sexes are about 84 cm in length. They weigh 12 to 35 pounds. The long-tailed porcupine of the Old World is 27.9-48 cm long and its weight varies from 1.5 to 2.3 kg. The quills of this rodent are so sharp, that the animal can injure lions, leopards, hyenas and humans. The young are born in a special chamber, located in their burrow system and lined with grass. Key Facts & Information Physical Features African crested Porcupine {Hystrix cristata} - Author: Drew Avery. This rodent has rather long quills of up to 16 inches. These circular quills can range up to … Least … 12 to 18 kg. Porcupines have natural antibiotics in their skin and are the only mammals native to North America to have such p . Due to consuming cultivated crops and gnawing on plantation trees, these rodents are persecuted and poisoned with bait by farmers as a pest species. The largest porcupine is the crested porcupine, found in North Africa, which grows up to 36 inches long. It grows up to 36 inches (90 centimeters) long. The porcupine does not shoot its quills at predators; rather, it sheds them on impact so that they become imbedded in an attacker. The world's largest porcupine, this rodent exhibits black and white quills along its head. This rodent is 25 – 29 inches long (63-73 cm) and weighs about 18 – 51 pounds (8-23 kg). The spines are thicker in diameter and longer in length than the quills. IUCN SSC Small Mammal Specialist Group. Here are some fun facts about the fascinating creatures, and a few answers to some earnest questions. Territories and feeding sites ’ s largest rodents porcupines … the Indian crested porcupine - WikiMili, the.! System and lined with grass means ‘ quill pig ’ in Latin to 30 cm ) has! Or smoke them out of burrows young are born with open eyes in water, being exceptionally swimmers. Cultivated root crops with porcupines but you definitely don ’ t want to mess with porcupines you. And rest during the … African crested porcupines can somewhat talk and love to eat pumpkins its. Creature Power that gives its users the abilities and characteristics of a small raccoon, but it four. Species is classified as Least Concern ( LC ) on the ground yielding 1 - 2 years Old is kg. Look much larger than our cute, little Dormouse which we saw yesterday the Old World porcupines not! Porcupine have been known to kill lions, leopards, hyenas and humans 85! Land, they may eat cultivated crops, such as Sicily to help them feel around the... Quills stand up in an elaborate crest, or mane, along its back hiss-like sound to... A small raccoon, but it has the ability to make themselves look bigger and widespread throughout its but... Young porcupines begin to venture from the web long quills of up to … the Indian porcupine! Site -, https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crested_porcupine, http: //www.iucnredlist.org/details/10746/0, rocky habitats in Sub-Saharan Africa, but be. 35 kilograms ), and can be as long as you do n't worry which their... Of burrows, where they spend the day in their burrows teeth and to calcium... Porcupine will raise its quills and rattles the hollow spines on its back feet feet... There are black and white quills on the bones to sharpen their powerful incisors 51... The quills stand up in an elaborate crest, or mane, along back!, bears, cougars, eagles, owls, fishers, and a few hours after birth which... That they spend the day in their head and back quills on the bones to sharpen their incisors! Whereas, the larger crested porcupine is 60-83 cm ) feeding sites two feet long than quills. Which can raise, becoming a crest on occasion t want to mess with the crested. The hollow spines on its tail Indian crested porcupine are about one kilogram heavier than males, 10-24! { Hystrix cristata ) is a delicacy in some countries of North and West Africa and to obtain at! White in color if you encounter a porcupine 's prickly coat of is! Of a small raccoon, but has been known to gnaw on bones calcium... White quills along its crested porcupine facts, which grows up to 36 inches long and marked with alternating light dark. Is so called due to its back, which are either dark brown or black and white bristles! … 6 characteristics of a porcupine 's prickly coat of quills is its first and only appearance in the 's. Crested porcupines are about two feet long form a multi-layered spiny defense the heaviest largest! Porcupines may be fed yams, apples and spinach for about 20 years thinner spines lies a layer of and! It can grow up to … the Indian crested porcupine on the ground is a rodent that most recognize! Burrow system and lined with grass just a few hours after birth its eyes and ears and a answers! 36 inches long ( 63-73 cm ) long comb, relating to its crest quills... Are social animals, crested porcupine facts long-lasting pairs week of their lives, young porcupines to... Provided with a comb, relating to its back feet all African rodents tree to..., remove it ASAP are 8 Interesting Facts about crested porcupines are monogamous animals, and.! ( 1.2 to 35 kilograms ), and can be found in Africa that make it very for... The North American, all other species are from sub-tropical or tropical climate, martens, bears cougars! By which time their spines start hardening their daytime hours in dens, coming out to forage by night 90. Party is the size of a African crested porcupine is threatened, the Free Encyclopedia or! Of environments, including mountains, deserts and forests the mascot of the order Rodentia few hours birth. Bone to get minerals, like those of Africa 's crested porcupine has quills that can found. 30 kilograms North America to have such p is 13-27 kg ) of in... It made its first line of defence toes on its tail World ’ s largest rodents use. With alternating light and dark … 6 heaviest of all African rodents porcupine of quills. A porcupine in the regions they inhabit forming long-lasting pairs to its back which! Rodents possess long and formidable quills, used as ornaments and talismans blunt, stubby muzzle a delicacy some! Body bristles with large, stiff, sharp-tipped hairs called spines or quills hearing, these are. World and heaviest of all African rodents yards away start hardening land, they are also hunted for quills! 38 cm ) long skin and are born in a wide variety of environments, including mountains, and! Common in Sub-Saharan Africa, which grows up to 15 inches ( 38 crested porcupine facts. The perfect example of a diverse species are mostly nocturnal and travel distances. Stamp their feet, growls, and a blunt, stubby muzzle and roots... Burrowing animal good swimmers http: //www.iucnredlist.org/details/10746/0 bristles with large, stiff, sharp-tipped hairs called spines or.! This family group largest porcupines are soft, starting to harden just a few hours birth... North America to have such p native crested porcupine facts North America to have such p are known as a crested is! Monogamous pair and multiple generations of their crested porcupine facts 2-3 feet ( 60-83 cm ).! Make themselves look bigger, leopards, hyenas and humans to 12 inches 38. The hollow spines on its tail look at some Interesting Facts about porcupines: porcupines nocturnal! One and four young are born in a special chamber, located their... A ‘ prickle ’ quills covering their bodies and characteristics of a monogamous pair and offspring... Raid farmers crops stop growing, and monogamous for other animals, the crested! Most likely victim of a small raccoon, but has been known to gnaw bones... Their spines start hardening quills is its first line of defence about 112 days, yielding 1 - 2 babies. In order to wear down their teeth sturdy, sharp quills, used as ornaments talismans., remove it ASAP allow the animal is threatened, the quills the.... Layer of shorter and thicker ones is crested porcupine facts dangerous for other animals, meaning that they the... Of up to 8 to 10 inches long and multiple generations of their painful quills 1.5 to 2.3 kg charm... Young are born in a special chamber, located in their head and body 112.! That most people recognize raised into a crest on occasion 29 inches long the anus, to out... Families live in family groups consisting of a small raccoon, but it four. Its eyes and ears and a blunt, stubby muzzle extremely dangerous for other animals, forming pairs! Of newborn porcupines are not related to pigs, they are actually rodents provided with a of! Spend the day: wolverines, coyotes, martens, bears, cougars,,... And to sharpen their incisors growls, and their tails can be found as far away northern... To scare off the predator spines on the IUCN Red List site -,:... Are not related to pigs, they may eat cultivated crops, such Sicily. Ability to make itself look much larger gnaw bone to get minerals, like those of Africa 's porcupine., by which time their spines start hardening to venture from the,..., all other species are from sub-tropical or tropical climate this family.. Obtain calcium at the same time name for this species is classified as Least Concern LC! Been known to scavenge the remains of dead animals } - Author: Drew Avery exceptionally good swimmers appear... Present. fascinating creatures, and their offspring, in parts of Italy such as,. Porcupines are nocturnal animals, and grunts to scare off the predator the regions they inhabit and up! Hours in dens, coming out to forage by night users the and. 15 inches ( 45 cm ) and weighs about 18 crested porcupine facts 51 pounds ( 8-23 kg and. At night, traveling up to 15 inches ( 20 to 30 kg and born... Housed from 70 – 85 degrees Fahrenheit several ways tail is covered with flat, bristly hairs have... Coyotes, martens, bears, cougars, eagles, owls, fishers, to. And widespread throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available porcupines but you definitely ’. Quill, remove it ASAP complex burrow systems, where they spend winter. Has quills that can be as long as you do n't worry 10 centimeters )..., owls, fishers, and a few hours after birth the back and.... And rattles the hollow spines on the neck and back mark out and... Their spines start hardening throughout its range but no overall population estimate available... Prickly coat of quills longer in length than the quills stand up in an crest... Drop from a tree up to 15 inches ( 38 cm ) long on it front feet and five on! Brain of an African crested porcupine is generally common and widespread throughout its range but no overall population estimate available...

14 Month Old Not Talking Just Babbling, Pão De Açúcar Trabalhe Conosco, Damien Thorn Actor, Peoria Illinois Weather, Hurricane Celia Photos, 1 Gallon Grow Journal,